Java Card API

bignumber

2017-05-22 16:22:02 M&W SmartCard 1

javacardx.framework.math

Class BigNumber


public final class BigNumberextends Object

The BigNumber class encapsulates an unsigned number whose value is represented in internal hexadecimal format using an implementation specific maximum number of bytes. This class supports the BCD (binary coded decimal) format for I/O.

Since:

2.2.2

Field Summary
static byte FORMAT_BCD           Constant to indicate a BCD (binary coded decimal) data format.
static byte FORMAT_HEX           Constant to indicate a hexadecimal (simple binary) data format.

 

Constructor Summary
BigNumber (short maxBytes)          Creates a BigNumber instance with initial value 0.

 

Method Summary
 void add (byte[] bArray,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Increments the internal big number by the specified operand value
 byte compareTo (BigNumber  operand)          Compares the internal big number against the specified operand
 byte compareTo (byte[] bArray,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Compares the internal big number against the specified operand.
 short getByteLength (byte arrayFormat)          Returns the number of bytes required to represent the big number using the desired format
static short getMaxBytesSupported ()          This method returns the byte length of the hex array that can store the biggest BigNumber supported.
 void init (byte[] bArray,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Initializes the big number using the input data
 void multiply (byte[] bArray,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Multiplies the internal big number by the specified operand value
 void reset ()          Resets the big number to 0
 void setMaximum (byte[] maxValue,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Sets the maximum value that the BigNumber may contain.
 void subtract (byte[] bArray,short bOff,short bLen,byte arrayFormat)          Decrements the internal big number by the specified operand value
 void toBytes (byte[] outBuf,short bOff,short numBytes,byte arrayFormat)          Writes the internal big number out in the desired format.

 

Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
equals

 

Field Detail

FORMAT_BCD

public static final byte FORMAT_BCD

Constant to indicate a BCD (binary coded decimal) data format. When this format is used a binary coded decimal digit is stored in 1 nibble (4 bits). A byte is packed with 2 BCD digits.

See Also:Constant Field Values


FORMAT_HEX

public static final byte FORMAT_HEX

Constant to indicate a hexadecimal (simple binary) data format.

See Also:Constant Field Values

Constructor Detail

BigNumber

public BigNumber(short maxBytes)

Creates a BigNumber instance with initial value 0. All implementations must support at least 8 byte length internal representation capacity.

Parameters:maxBytes - maximum number of bytes needed in the hexadecimal format for the largest unsigned big number. For example, maxBytes = 2 allows a big numberrepresentation range 0-65535.

Throws: ArithmeticException- if maxBytes is 0, negative or larger than the supported maximum

Method Detail

setMaximum

public void setMaximum(byte[] maxValue, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat)

Sets the maximum value that the BigNumber may contain. Attempts to increase beyond the maximum results in an exception. If this method is not called, the maximum value is the maximum hex value that fits within the configured maximum number of bytes. Note:

  • This method may allocate internal storage to store the specified maximum value.


Parameters:maxValue - input byte array

bOff - offset within input byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: NullPointerException- if maxValue is null

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the specified maximum value is smaller than the encapsulated big number


  • if the specified maximum value is larger than will fit within the supported maximum number of bytes


  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



getMaxBytesSupported

public static short getMaxBytesSupported()

This method returns the byte length of the hex array that can store the biggest BigNumber supported. This number is the maximum number in hex byte representation. All implementations must support at least 8 bytes.

Returns:the byte length of the biggest number supported


init

public void init(byte[] bArray, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat) throws NullPointerException , ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException , ArithmeticException

Initializes the big number using the input data

Parameters:bArray - input byte array

bOff - offset within byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

NullPointerException- if bArray is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if the specified input data represents a number which is larger than the maximum value configured or larger than will fit within the supported maximum number of bytes


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



add

public void add(byte[] bArray, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat) throws NullPointerException , ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException , ArithmeticException

Increments the internal big number by the specified operand value

Parameters:bArray - input byte array

bOff - offset within input byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

NullPointerException- if bArray is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if the result of the addition results in a big number which cannot be represented within the maximum supported bytes or is greater than the configured max value. The internal big number is left unchanged.


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants



subtract

public void subtract(byte[] bArray, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat) throws ArithmeticException

Decrements the internal big number by the specified operand value

Parameters:bArray - input byte array

bOff - offset within input byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

NullPointerException- if bArray is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if the result of the subtraction results in a negative number. The internal big number is left unchanged.


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



multiply

public void multiply(byte[] bArray, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat) throws ArithmeticException

Multiplies the internal big number by the specified operand value

Parameters:bArray - input byte array

bOff - offset within input byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

NullPointerException- if bArray is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if the result of the multiplication results in a big number which cannot be represented within the maximum supported bytes or is greater than the configured max value. The internal big number is left unchanged.


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



compareTo

public byte compareTo(BigNumber  operand)

Compares the internal big number against the specified operand

Parameters:operand - contains the BigNumber operand

Returns:the result of the comparison as follows:

  • 0 if equal


  • -1 if the internal big number is less than the specified operand


  • 1 if the internal big number is greater than the specified operand


Throws: NullPointerException- if operand is null


compareTo

public byte compareTo(byte[] bArray, short bOff, short bLen, byte arrayFormat)

Compares the internal big number against the specified operand. The operand is specified in an input byte array.

Parameters:bArray - input byte array

bOff - offset within input byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

bLen - byte length of input data

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Returns:the result of the comparison as follows:

  • 0 if equal


  • -1 if the internal big number is less than the specified operand


  • 1 if the internal big number is greater than the specified operand


Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the input array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if bLen is negative

NullPointerException- if bArray is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if the input byte array format is not conformant with the specified arrayFormat parameter


  • if bLen is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



toBytes

public void toBytes(byte[] outBuf, short bOff, short numBytes, byte arrayFormat) throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException , NullPointerException

Writes the internal big number out in the desired format. Note that the value output into the specified byte array is right justified for the number of requested bytes. BCD 0 nibbles are prepended to the output BCD data written out.

Parameters:outBuf - output byte array

bOff - offset within byte array containing first byte (the high order byte)

numBytes - number of output bytes required

arrayFormat - indicates the format of the input data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException- if accessing the output array would cause access of data outside array bounds or if numBytes is negative

NullPointerException- if outBuf is null

ArithmeticException- for the following conditions:

  • if numBytes is not sufficient to represent the big number in the desired format


  • if numBytes is 0


  • if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.



getByteLength

public short getByteLength(byte arrayFormat)

Returns the number of bytes required to represent the big number using the desired format

Parameters:arrayFormat - indicates the format of the output data. Valid codes listed in FORMAT_* constants. See FORMAT_BCD .

Returns:the byte length of big number

Throws: ArithmeticException- if arrayFormat is not one of the FORMAT_ constants.


reset

public void reset()

Resets the big number to 0 


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