EMV in the U.S. (2020 update)
Improving security, slashing fraud, and enabling cardholders to use their cards abroad with much more convenience – EMV cards are in the U.S. to stay.
And contactless payments are to come as well.
Here is why.
EMV and its digital payment infrastructure
EMV and its digital payment infrastructure
Now the shift to EMV and chip-card transactions is almost complete, with 1 billion EMV cards in circulation in the country at the end of 2019 and close to 10 billion globally, according to EMVCo.
Migrating to EMV has also prepared the U.S. market for other forms of digital payment – from mobile wallets to wearables to further Internet of Things (IoT) applications.
All these forms of payment rely on EMV, and it is only with the EMV infrastructure in place that it becomes possible to conduct secure contactless transactions.
But more about that later.
First of all, let's start with the latest EMV stats.
Impressive results in the U.S.
When many countries in the world shifted to EMV, the U.S. became an easy target for fraudsters.
To reduce fraud, the U.S. began its migration to EMV in 2014-2015.
And we see impressive results.
For those merchants that accept EMV cards, counterfeit fraud losses decreased 87% in March 2019 compared to September 2015, before the liability shift.
According to Visa, as of September 2019, 3.7 million U.S. merchants accept EMV cards, an 815% increase since September 2015.
75% of U.S. stores are accepting EMV cards in March 2019.
According to EMV Co, 1 billion EMV cards were in circulation at the end of 2019.
99% of U.S. payment volume ($81B) in March 2019 was on EMV cards. This was 1.6% in September 2015.
Why EMV in the U.S.?
The main reason why issuers, payment networks, and merchants across the United States are migrating to EMV technology is the significant fraud reduction.
Additional benefits include more convenience abroad for cardholders and paving the way for other forms of digital payment.
With market penetration of EMV technology growing around the world, in particular, the nearly 100% coverage in portions of Europe and Canada, magnetic stripe technology has become more and more archaic.
Millions of U.S. cardholders have been inconvenienced abroad over the last few years when carrying non-chip cards.
Cashiers refused to take those cards, and gas pumps and ticket kiosks didn't accept them at all.
Thanks to the new EMV cards, which are aligned with global standards, that is no longer the case.
US-issued chip cards work in any EMV country in the world.
What is EMV?
Simply put, EMV is a security standard for payment cards and mobile card payments.
Named for its founders, Europay, MasterCard, and Visa, EMV defines a set of security standards for credit and debit card transactions that can be used for NFC mobile payments, too.
Commonly referred to as "EMV cards," or "EMV credit cards," these cards use a smart chip instead of a magnetic stripe to hold the data that is required to process a transaction.
How does EMV work?
A smart chip has the power of a small computer, allowing it to run applications that can perform advanced authentication.
The chip's processing power, along with its capacity to store more information than a magnetic stripe, means that EMV cards can hold encrypted data, perform cryptography, and generate a unique code that is assigned to each transaction.
This code is key to fighting fraud because it must be generated by the chip and cannot be used for more than one transaction.
It's virtually impossible to make a counterfeit EMV card because the chip is tough to tamper with or clone, which has resulted in reduced counterfeit fraud wherever EMV is active.
What did the 2015 Fraud Liability Shift mean?
All of the major card brands (Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover) have shifted the liability for counterfeit card fraud losses, which used to be held mainly by card issuers, to merchants and their acquirers unless both parties implement EMV.
The new EMV liability rules took effect on 1 October 2015.
If an EMV card is used at a merchant's terminal that is not EMV compatible, the liability in the occurrence of fraud will shift from the bank to the merchant, as they are the weakest security point in the transaction.
The intent of the liability shift was to accelerate the adoption of EMV in the U.S. on both the issuing and merchant sides.
The ATM liability shift was set for October 2017, and automated fuel dispensers have until October 2020 to activate EMV.
How do EMV cards work?
EMV cards do everything that magnetic stripe cards do, but more securely.
Instead of swiping, a contact EMV card needs to be inserted into the terminal and remain there while the transaction is completed. Some cards require a PIN, and some require a signature.
Contactless EMV cards use the same security technology and are even easier to use and deliver the fastest transactions. You simply tap the card on the payment terminal, and you're done. The transaction is complete.
Mobile EMV uses the same tap-and-go go convenience as contactless cards, except that the secure data is stored on your smartphone, instead of on the computerized card. These payments are just as reliable as all EMV transactions, with the added convenience of a mobile wallet.
Leapfrogging contact EMV with contactless options
But the chip cards issued by most U.S. banks today are not the last word in card payments, and the upgrade to the latest technology EMV is upon us: Contactless EMV.
To make it short: Contactless EMV cards are secure chip cards with a small antenna, which cardholders can tap on the reader instead of inserting it.
Around seven in 10 people in the U.K. now use contactless payment in June 2019. Tap and pay accounts for more than 40% of all card transactions. Canada, Europe, Australia are also moving fast.
In the U.S., about 3% of cards in circulation are contactless (CNBC- April 2019).
However, the shift to contactless could be fast, according to experts, because many of the new EMV readers that retailers have installed are contactless-ready.
To sum up: consumers all around the globe are discovering how easy, quick, and convenient contactless payment can be for small and frequent transactions with cards, mobiles, rings, and wristbands.
Contactless cards have proven a remarkable asset to issuers worldwide when they were introduced following the initial EMV migration.
Contactless, or tap-and-pay, cards give consumers the same security as an EMV transaction but transmit the information with a wave of the card.
Contactless payment benefits
There is no more inserting, less waiting, and no concern about leaving the card in the POS terminal.
EMV transaction times are reduced from 7 to 10 seconds down to nearly instant.
A contactless transaction can be approximately 53% faster than a traditional magnetic stripe credit card transaction
According to MasterCard, consumers that received contactless cards spend almost 30% more than previously.
A direct route to EMV can start with a contactless card.
Issuers in the U.S. like Citi, American Express, HSBC, and TCF have begun launching contactless portfolios. These banks are anticipating the popularity of contactless cards and taking advantage of being the first to offer their consumers the benefits of speed and convenience.
Americans will tap and pay in 2020, according to Forbes (22 November 2019).
EMV and mobile payments
EMV and mobile payments are complementary technologies, each filling a separate need.
The POS terminals that accept EMV contactless cards also accept NFC mobile payments because they are based on the same technology, so consumers can use the same tap & pay gesture, whether paying by card or smartphone.
For this reason, many card issuers are offering dual interface cards to their customers – these are cards that can be read by both contact and contactless readers, a very attractive feature to consumers.
Merchants also love the contactless option because it greatly increases checkout speed, reducing lines, and making customers happy.
Not every customer owns a smartphone or prefers to pay that way. Much of the population remains entrenched in their comfort with credit card technology, and EMV chip cards will provide a more secure option for those customers.
Mobile payments, together with EMV and contactless cards, will provide consumers with a choice of options.
Where do we fit in?
Having shipped over 2 billion EMV cards worldwide, Gemalto's expertise in EMV payments is unmatched.
Mobilize our EMV consultants
We will work with you so we understand your problems and what you want to achieve.
We will ensure the smooth running of your current project and help you to innovate.
We can transfer our know-how to your IT teams or provide you with a turnkey issuance solution, leaving you free to focus on your core business.
With direct access to our expertise, we will significantly reduce your costs, minimize project risk, and optimize rollout timescales.
Now it's your turn
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